Japanese Candlestick: Unraveling the Secrets of Price Movements

Japanese Candlestick in FX

So, what exactly is the Japanese Candlestick trading after all? In this article, you will discover many useful factors! Stay tuned and keep reading for more!

What is a Japanese Candlestick in Forex Trading?

A Japanese candlestick chart is a good way to see the opening, closing, highest, and lowest prices for a certain time. It all started with Japanese rice traders ages ago, and then Steve Nison spread the idea to Western traders in the 1990s. 

Nowadays, those candlestick charts are quickly checking out price movements, especially for technical traders. Unlike the old-school line graphs, they show you lots of details at once. There are the highest and lowest points, plus the opening and closing prices, all in a single glance.

There’s also the High Low Open Close (HLOC) chart that gives similar details to candlesticks. But most traders seem to dig the candlesticks more. They’re simply easier to figure out quickly. It’s not a bad idea to try both and see which one jives with you.

Beyond peeking at past prices, tech-savvy traders hunt for cool patterns in the candlesticks. These patterns spill the beans on where the market might be headed next. For instance, that can be whether it keeps going as is or makes a U-turn. They do this by spotting shapes they’ve seen before, which often lead to things like continuing trends or price reversals.

You can use candlesticks to zoom in on prices for any period, from a tiny second to a whole year. It’s like a magnifying glass for prices!

Components of a Japanese Candlestick 

Japanese candlesticks are a type of price chart that provides valuable information for all of us. To understand Japanese candlesticks, it is important to know the different elements of each candlestick and what they represent. 

Here are the key elements:

  • Body. The thick part of the candlestick represents the opening and closing prices of the asset during a specific period. The body can be either filled or hollow, depending on whether the closing price is lower or higher than the opening price. A filled body indicates a bearish or downward movement, while a hollow body indicates a bullish or upward movement.
  • Wicks. The thin lines above and below the body are called wicks, shadows, or tails. They represent the highest and lowest prices of the asset during the time. The upper wick extends from the top of the body and shows the highest price reached, while the lower wick extends from the bottom of the body and shows the lowest price reached.

Each part of the candlestick signifies different aspects of price movement and sentiment. 

Also, the body and wicks together provide insights into the opening, closing, and high, and low prices of the asset during a specific time. It’s good to remember this. 

It is important to note that Japanese candlesticks should be used along with other technical analysis tools and data to decide wisely.

How to Read Japanese Candlestick Patterns

To interpret Japanese candlestick patterns, it’s essential to become well-acquainted with three key components of each candle: its color, body, and wick.

Here’s the breakdown of these elements and their potential meanings:

  • Color. Green candlesticks convey upward movement, while red ones signify a downward trend. Occasionally, you might encounter white for “up” and black for “down.”
  • Body. The candle’s body showcases the market’s opening and closing levels. A lengthy body suggests a robust price shift, whereas a short body points to a less impactful movement.
  • Wick. The candle’s wick illustrates the high and low range. A lengthy wick hints at a substantial price shift in one direction followed by a reversal, while a short wick suggests limited price movement.

Moreover, there are many candlestick patterns, categorized as bullish and bearish. Bullish patterns suggest a probable price rise. But bearish ones imply a potential price decline. It’s important to keep in mind that no pattern is foolproof, as candlestick patterns offer insights into price tendencies rather than definite outcomes.

Bullish vs. Bearish Japanese Candlestick

Bullish and bearish candlesticks are like pictures of how prices move in markets, especially stocks. They’re like mood rings for the market, showing what might happen next. Let’s break down the difference between these two types of candlesticks and how they help us guess what’s coming:

Bullish Candlesticks:

  • Bullish candlesticks suggest prices might go up.
  • They often look green or white.
  • Normally, the starting price is lower than the closing price. This hints at buying excitement and a happy market vibe.
  • Examples of bullish patterns include Three White Soldiers, Hammer, and Morning Star.

Bearish Candlesticks:

  • Bearish candlesticks signal prices might drop.
  • They’re usually red or black.
  • Here, the starting price is higher than the closing price. This mirrors selling pressure and a less hopeful market mood.
  • You may spot bearish patterns like Three Black Crows, Dark Cloud Cover, and Bearish Engulfing Pattern.

And now let’s talk about how candlesticks give hints about market moves:

  • Candlestick patterns act like signs of when trends might change or keep going.
  • Traders look at the order and shape of these patterns to find hints about future prices.
  • For instance, a bunch of bullish candlesticks might point to prices climbing, while a bunch of bearish ones could mean prices might go down.
  • Traders also search for specific patterns like doji or engulfing patterns to confirm their guesses about trend changes.

But here’s the catch: while these candlestick patterns are rather smart, they’re not magical. You need other tools and indicators along with them for better guesses. And remember, prices do fluctuate, so clever traders consider many things before making moves.

Three Types of Japanese Candlestick Patterns

Single Japanese Candlestick

Imagine a single candlestick as a mini movie scene in the market. These single-candle patterns are like treasure maps to market sentiment, helping us see where prices might flip or keep going. Here’s a peek at a few simple one-candle patterns and their whispers about future moves:

  • Spinning Tops. These are like market shrugs. When you see small bodies and long wicks, it means the market’s unsure. Depending on the situation, it might suggest things could change or just keep rolling.
  • Marubozu. These are the bold statements of the candlestick world. With no wicks, they signal strong bullish or bearish vibes. A bullish one shows buyers are pretty excited, while a bearish one means sellers are in charge.
  • Doji. These candles mean the body’s small, it’s a tie game between buyers and sellers. They hint that things might shift, especially if they follow a big price move.

Double Japanese Candlestick

Now let’s add a little duo to the mix. These double-candle patterns show us a tiny story in two parts, predicting potential price changes. Here’s a look at a couple of examples:

  • Bullish Engulfing. Picture a small candle getting swallowed by a larger bullish one. It’s like the market saying, “Watch out, we’re turning bullish!”
  • Bearish Engulfing. The opposite of the bullish version, here the smaller bullish candle is gobbled up by a larger bearish one. It’s like the market warning, “Expect a bearish ride!”.
  • Hammer and Hanging Man. Namely, the hammer shows up after a drop, suggesting buyers are stepping in. The hanging man, on the other hand, might pop up after a rise, hinting at a bearish turn.

Triple Japanese Candlestick:

Now, triple-candle patterns are like a three-act play for market trends. Here’s a peek at one example:

  • Morning Star: Imagine this as the dawn of a new day. First, a bearish candle, then a small bullish one with a gap, and finally a strong bullish candle that closes above the first one’s middle. It’s like the market saying, “Good morning, bullish trend ahead!”.

Remember, these patterns are like market poetry, offering clues, not guarantees. Mixing them up with other tools and indicators makes your predictions even smarter. Keep in mind that the market’s a complex beast, so smart traders weigh multiple factors before making moves.

How to Trade Forex with Japanese Candlesticks

To trade Forex using Japanese candlesticks, here’s a step-by-step guide:

  • Learn Japanese Candlestick Patterns. Begin by understanding various Japanese candlestick patterns that appear on trading charts. These patterns, such as bullish, bearish, and reversal patterns, offer insights into potential future price movements.
  • Mix with Other Tools and Strategies. We can all boost the power of Japanese candlestick patterns by integrating them with other technical analysis tools and strategies. Employ indicators, support and resistance zones, or other methods to confirm signals from candlestick patterns.
  • Determine Market State. Analyze the color and length of candlesticks to quickly see the current market state. A bullish candlestick signifies a strengthening market, while a bearish one indicates a market weakening.
  • Identify Probability Setups. Also, we can identify specific patterns with a higher chance of leading to certain market trends. By recognizing and trading these patterns effectively, you can boost your trading success rate.
  • Use Advanced Charting Platforms. We can use charting platforms like TradingView to easily see and explore candlestick patterns. These platforms give us thorough market information and much more.

Remember, it’s crucial to practice and gain experience trading with Japanese candlestick patterns. Start with a demo account to become familiar with the patterns and their efficacy before shifting to real-money trading.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Japanese Candlesticks

It is extremely useful for us to learn the advantages and disadvantages of Japanese candlesticks. Stay tuned!


  • Visual Insights. Candlestick charts offer a visual way to grasp price shifts, aiding traders in analyzing market trends effectively.
  • Simplicity. Even novice traders can easily understand and interpret candlestick charts.
  • Informative Patterns. Candlestick formations offer insights into market trends, potential reversals, and support/resistance levels.
  • Widely Adopted. The popularity of candlestick analysis in technical analysis makes it a favored tool among investors and traders.


  • Data Limitation. Candlestick charts solely showcase price movements, excluding other crucial factors like trading volume.
  • Subjective Interpretation: Different traders might construe the same pattern in many ways, introducing subjectivity.
  • Supplementary Tool: Candlestick analysis isn’t autonomous; it’s recommended to be used alongside other technical analysis tools.
  • Skill Requirement: Proficiency in candlestick analysis demands practice and experience, posing a challenge for newcomers.

Japanese Candlesticks provide valuable insights. Yet, note that their effective use involves complementing them with other tools and market knowledge 


Japanese candlestick charts provide rapid insights into forex. They do this by quickly displaying opening, closing, high, and low prices. 

Later popularized by Steve Nison, these charts offer a swift understanding of price movements. Unlike traditional graphs, they present a full view of market trends in one glance. By recognizing patterns and combining them with other tools, we can really make smart decisions in the forex market.


How does a Japanese candlestick work?

Japanese candlesticks visually represent price movement.

Why are Japanese candlesticks important?

Japanese candlesticks provide quick insights into price trends and patterns.

How do you trade with Japanese candlesticks?

To trade with Japanese candlesticks, learn patterns, use tools for confirmation, identify market state, and practice.

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